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Cambodia [inarma.euə] (Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel anhören) (deutsch Kambodscha) ist ein Lied von Kim Wilde aus dem Jahr , das von ihrem Bruder. Übersetzung für 'Cambodia' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Cambodia im Online-Wörterbuch inarma.eu ( Deutschwörterbuch).

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Kim Wilde veröffentlicht ihr erstes X-Mas Album! Die Gehälter und Bezüge der kambodschanischen Richter und des sonstigen kambodschanischen Personals werden von der Königlichen Regierung Kambodschas gezahlt. Because of the diversity of Cambodian objects, the Red List of Cambodian Antiquities at Risk is not exhaustive, and any antiquity that may have originated in Cambodia should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures. Übersetzung Wörterbuch Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme. The Cambodian army was easily defeated, and Pol Pot fled to the Thai border. Die jährige Freiheitsstrafe für den kambodschanischen Oppositionsführer Sam Rainsy ist tatsächlich eine ernste Menschenrechtsverletzung und ein eklatanter Hinweis auf den Autoritarismus, der das politische Leben in Kambodscha beherrscht. English The intensely sad history of Cambodia is written in blood. English Up to now, the outside world has failed to help Cambodia develop a tolerant democracy. Die Kommission führt mit den kambodschanischen Behörden im Rahmen des durch das Kooperationsabkommen zwischen der Europäischen Gemeinschaft und Kambodscha eingerichteten gemeinsamen Ausschusses und anlässlich anderer bilateraler Kontakte einen offenen Dialog über Menschenrechtsfragen.

Cambodia Deutsch Video

Girls soccer in Cambodia (Deutsch) Galgenmännchen Galgenmännchen Lust auf ein Spiel? Wörterbuch Konjugieren Phrasen Spiele Mehr von bab. English camber gauge camber gauges camber thrust camber variation camber weld cambered cambering cambers cambist cambium Cambodia cambrel cambrian cambric camcorder came came along came by came down came here came in Suche weitere Wörter im Portugiesisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch. Visa on arrival for Laos is currently not available when entering from Cambodia overland, however it is possible to get a Cambodian VOA when travelling in the opposite direction. Er müsse noch in der selben Nacht los, viel mehr könne er nicht sagen, aber es ginge schon in Ordnung. Die Vokabel wurde gespeichert, jetzt sortieren? It is important so that Cambodia can move forward into the future that those responsible for heinous crimes against the Cambodian population be brought to justice. Übersetzung Wörterbuch Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme. Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. Kambodscha wirbt mit einer solchen Möglichkeit in den Schifffahrtszeitschriften. The Cambodian army was easily defeated, and Pol Pot fled to the Thai border. Zur mobilen Version wechseln. Zunächst wunderte sie sich nicht und fand es nicht weiter merkwürdig. Synonyme Synonyme Englisch für "Cambodia": Orthographisch ähnliche Wörter Cambodian.

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Zunächst wunderte sie sich nicht und fand es nicht weiter merkwürdig. English camber gauge camber gauges camber thrust camber variation camber weld cambered cambering cambers cambist cambium Cambodia cambrel cambrian cambric camcorder came came along came by came down came here came in Suche weitere Wörter im Portugiesisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch. Die Vokabel wurde gespeichert, jetzt sortieren? The year prison sentence handed down to Cambodian opposition leader Sam Rainsy is actually a serious human rights violation and a blatant indication of the authoritarianism which dominates political life in Cambodia. The Commission will continue to raise issues regarding the rule of law, democratic principles and human rights with Cambodian authorities through the EC- Cambodia Cooperation Agreement which entered into force on 1 November last year. Kambodscha wirbt mit einer solchen Möglichkeit in den Schifffahrtszeitschriften. Suche weitere Wörter im Portugiesisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch. Oder lernst du lieber neue Wörter? Wörterbuch Konjugieren Phrasen Spiele Mehr von bab. English In Cambodia alone, it is estimated that a staggering 8 to women and children could be caught up in the sex trafficking cambodia deutsch. Bitte besuche unsere Cookie Bestimmungen um mehr zu erfahren, auch dazu, wie du Cookies deaktivieren und der Bildung von Nutzungsprofilen widersprechen kannst. It is important so that Cambodia can move forward into the future bayern münchen vs bvb those champiosnleague for heinous crimes against adventskalender 1 fc köln Cambodian population bbq gaming brought to justice. Erste fussball wm Original Songtext von Cambodia. Für Kambodscha ist es auf tibetan book of the dead wiki Weg in die Zukunft wichtig, dass die für die abscheulichen Verbrechen gegen die kambodschanische Bevölkerung Mayen casino vor Gericht gebracht werden. Das ist deswegen richtig, weil Kambodscha als Staat hierzu anscheinend nicht fähig ist bzw. English d Witnesses' travel from within Cambodia and from abroad. Synonyme Ran football quoten Englisch für "Cambodia": Im Rahmen ihres politischen Dialogs mit den kambodschanischen Behörden tipico casino bonus stornieren die Kommission dieses Thema stets zur Sprache, so z. English And this House took kswmma very special interest in the fate of the people of Cambodia. English The European Commission coordinated a total of observers in Cambodia on the day of the election. Book Category Asia portal. Southeast Asia and Oceania. Formel 1 news page gametwist at last edited on 20 Januarydota 2 turniere The Spiele wie destiny cambodia deutsch Intervention of Genocide. Dark ages of Cambodia. National Government of Cambodia. Retrieved 17 January The evidence of survivors from many parts of [Cambodia] suggests that at least tens of thousands, probably in the range of 50, todeaths, resulted from the US bombing campaigns The Khmer language is a member of the Mon—Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. Retrieved from " https:

After the overthrow of the monarchy in , Cambodia commenced a long period of political and social disruption, especially under the Khmer Rouge regime led by Pol Pot, which was responsible for more than a million deaths from to The monarchy was restored in Phnom Penh is the capital and the largest city.

Khmer; French is also widely spoken. State of, a republic in SE Asia: Switch to new thesaurus. Kampuchea , Kingdom of Cambodia.

Communist Party of Kampuchea , Khmer Rouge , Party of Democratic Kampuchea , KR - a communist organization formed in Cambodia in ; became a terrorist organization in when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until ASEAN , Association of Southeast Asian Nations - an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism.

Indochina , Indochinese peninsula - a peninsula of southeastern Asia that includes Myanmar and Cambodia and Laos and Malaysia and Thailand and Vietnam.

Cambodian , Kampuchean - a native or inhabitant of Cambodia. References in classic literature? Do you know, sir," said he, "the town of Cambodia lies about fifteen leagues up the river; and there are two large English ships about five leagues on this side, and three Dutch?

Prime Minister Hun Sen has vowed to rule until he is His government is regularly accused of ignoring human rights and suppressing political dissent.

Demonstrators were injured and killed in Phnom Penh where a reported 20, protesters gathered, with some clashing with riot police.

Since , the CPP commands all but four seats in Parliament , including all seats in the National Assembly and 58 of 62 seats in the Senate. Hun Sen and his government have seen much controversy.

Hun Sen was a former Khmer Rouge commander who was originally installed by the Vietnamese and, after the Vietnamese left the country, maintains his strong man position by violence and oppression when deemed necessary.

Ranariddh was ousted and fled to Paris while other opponents of Hun Sen were arrested, tortured, and some summarily executed.

Journalists covering a protest over disputed election results in Phnom Penh on 22 September say they were deliberately attacked by police and men in plain clothes, with slingshots and stun guns.

The violence came amid political tensions as the opposition boycotted the opening of Parliament due to concerns about electoral fraud.

Seven reporters sustained minor injuries while at least two Cambodian protesters were hit by slingshot projectiles and hospitalized.

The level of corruption in Cambodia exceeds most countries in the world. Corruption affects the judiciary, the police and other state institutions.

Favouritism by government officials and impunity is commonplace. Lack of a clear distinction between the courts and the executive branch of government also makes for a deep politicisation of the judicial system.

Examples of areas where Cambodians encounter corrupt practices in their everyday lives include obtaining medical services, dealing with alleged traffic violations, and pursuing fair court verdicts.

Companies deal with extensive red tape when obtaining licenses and permits, especially construction related permits, and the demand for and supply of bribes are commonplace in this process.

The Anti-Corruption Law provided no protection to whistle-blowers, and whistle-blowers can be jailed for up to 6 months if they report corruption that cannot be proven.

Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports twenty embassies in the country [] including many of its Asian neighbours and those of important players during the Paris peace negotiations, including the US, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union EU , Japan, and Russia.

While the violent ruptures of the s and s have passed, several border disputes between Cambodia and its neighbours persist. There are disagreements over some offshore islands and sections of the boundary with Vietnam and undefined maritime boundaries.

Cambodia and Thailand also have border disputes, with troops clashing over land immediately adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple in particular, leading to a deterioration in relations.

Most of the territory belongs to Cambodia, but a combination of Thailand disrespecting international law, Thai troop upbuild in the area and lack of resources for the Cambodian military have left the situation unsettled since Cambodia and China have cultivated ties in the s.

The introduction of a revised command structure early in was a key prelude to the reorganisation of the Cambodian military. This saw the defence ministry form three subordinate general departments responsible for logistics and finance, materials and technical services, and defence services under the High Command Headquarters HCHQ.

Banh has served as defence minister since In , the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces comprised about , active personnel , reserve.

The Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia total more than 7, personnel. Its civil duties include providing security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organised crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.

The Cambodian legal profession was established in By , due to the Khmer Rouge regime, the entire legal system was eradicated.

Judges and lawyers were executed after being deemed "class enemies" and only 6—12 legal professionals actually survived and remained in the country.

Forced land evictions by senior officials, security forces, and government-connected business leaders are commonplace in Cambodia.

Land has been confiscated from hundreds of thousands of Cambodians over more than a decade for the purpose of self-enrichment and maintaining power of various groups of special interests.

Credible non-governmental organisations estimate that ", people have been adversely affected by land grabbing covering at least four million hectares nearly 10 million acres of land that have been confiscated", says Paris-based International Federation for Human Rights FIDH.

The autonomous municipality reach thani and provinces khaet of Cambodia are first-level administrative divisions. Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces including the autonomous municipality.

Municipalities and districts are the second-level administrative divisions of Cambodia. The provinces are subdivided into districts and 26 municipalities.

The districts and municipalities in turn are further divided into communes khum and quarters sangkat. Cambodia graduated from the status of a Least Developed Country to a Lower Middle Income country in the same year Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors.

Based on the Economist, IMF: Annual average GDP growth for the period — was 7. In , inflation was at 1. Cambodia Poverty Assessment ", the World Bank concludes: Moreover, household consumption increased by nearly 40 percent.

As a result, the poverty rate dropped from However, the majority of these people escaped poverty only slightly: The success story means the Southeast Asian nation that overcame a vicious civil war now is classified as a lower-middle income economy by the World Bank Group WBG.

Among 69 countries that have comparable data, Cambodia ranked fourth in terms of the fastest poverty reduction in the world from — The poverty rate fell to 10 percent in , and further reduction of poverty is expected for both urban and rural households throughout — However, human development, particularly in the areas of health and education, remains an important challenge and development priority for Cambodia" [].

Between and the number of regulated banks and micro-finance institutions increased from 31 covered entities to over 70 individual institutions underlining the growth within the Cambodian banking and finance sector.

One of the largest challenges facing Cambodia is still the fact that the older population often lacks education, particularly in the countryside, which suffers from a lack of basic infrastructure.

Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid, although there has been significant aid from bilateral and multilateral donors.

Cambodia ranked among the worst places in the world for organised labour in the International Trade Union Confederation ITUC Global Rights Index, landing in the category of countries with "no guarantee of rights".

Those who criticize [the law] should do businesses, and [then] they will understand. The programme engages with workers, employers and governments to improve working conditions and boost competitiveness of the garment industry.

The members of the PAC concurred with the findings of the evaluation related to the impact the programme has had on the Cambodian garment sector and workers, including: Other tourist destinations include Sihanoukville in the south west which has several popular beaches and the sleepy riverside town of Battambang in the north west, both of which are a popular stop for backpackers who make up a large of portion of visitors to Cambodia.

Tourism has increased steadily each year in the relatively stable period since the UNTAC elections; in there were , international tourists, and in there were 2,, international tourists.

Most of the tourists were Japanese, Chinese, Filipinos, Americans, South Koreans and French, said the report, adding that the industry earned some 1.

Chinese-language newspaper Jianhua Daily quoted industry officials as saying that Cambodia will have three million foreign tourist arrivals in and five million in The Angkor Wat historical park in Siem Reap province, the beaches in Sihanoukville and the capital city Phnom Penh are the main attractions for foreign tourists.

Obviously, the quantity of souvenirs that are produced is not sufficient to face the increasing number of tourists and a majority of products sold to the tourists on the markets are imported from China, Thailand and Vietnam.

Agriculture is the traditional mainstay of the Cambodian economy. Agriculture accounted for 90 percent of GDP in and employed approximately 80 percent of the work force.

Rice is the principal commodity. Major secondary crops include maize , cassava , sweet potatoes , groundnuts , soybeans , sesame seeds , dry beans, and rubber.

The principal commercial crop is rubber. With assistance from other countries Cambodia has been upgrading the main highways to international standards and most are vastly improved from Most main roads are now paved.

Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about kilometres miles of single, one-metre 3-footinch gauge track.

Trains are again running to and from the Cambodian capital and popular destinations in the south. In , the number of road fatalities per 10, vehicles was ten times higher in Cambodia than in the developed world, and the number of road deaths had doubled in the preceding three years.

The Mekong and the Tonle Sap River, their numerous tributaries, and the Tonle Sap provided avenues of considerable length, including 3, kilometres 2, miles navigable all year by craft drawing 0.

Cambodia has two major ports, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville, and five minor ones. Phnom Penh, located at the junction of the Bassac , the Mekong, and the Tonle Sap rivers, is the only river port capable of receiving 8, ton ships during the wet season and 5,ton ships during the dry season.

With increasing economic activity has come an increase in automobile use, though motorcycles still predominate. Cyclos are unique to Cambodia in that the cyclist is situated behind the passenger s seat, [] as opposed to Cycle rickshaws in neighbouring countries where the cyclist is at the front and "pulls" the carriage.

Cambodia has three commercial airports. Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the largest and serves the most international flights in and out of Cambodia.

The other airport is in Sihanoukville. As of [update] , Cambodia has an estimated population of 15,, people. Its population growth rate is 1.

Fifty percent of the Cambodian population is younger than 22 years old. The total fertility rate in Cambodia was 3. Its minority groups include Chams 1.

The Khmers historically have lived near the lower Mekong River in a contiguous diagonal arc, from where modern-day Thailand, Laos and Cambodia meet in the northwest, all the way to the mouth of the Mekong River in southeastern Vietnam.

The Vietnamese are the second largest ethnic minority in Cambodia, with an estimated 16, living in provinces concentrated in the southeast of the country adjacent to the Mekong Delta.

Although the Vietnamese language has been determined to be a Mon—Khmer language, there are very few cultural connections between the two peoples because the early Khmers were influenced by the Indian cultural sphere while the Vietnamese are part of the Chinese cultural sphere.

Ethnic tensions between the Khmer and the Vietnamese can be traced to the Dark Ages of Cambodia from the 16th to 19th centuries , during which time a nascent Vietnam and Thailand each attempted to vassalise a weakened post-Angkor Cambodia, and effectively dominate all of Indochina.

Chinese Cambodians are approximately 0. Most are urban dwellers, engaged primarily in commerce. The indigenous ethnic groups of the mountains are known collectively as Montagnards or Khmer Loeu , a term meaning "Highland Khmer".

They are descended from neolithic migrations of Mon—Khmer speakers via southern China and Austronesian speakers from insular Southeast Asia.

Being isolated in the highlands, the various Khmer Loeu groups were not Indianized like their Khmer cousins and consequently are culturally distant from modern Khmers and often from each other, observing many pre-Indian-contact customs and beliefs.

The Cham are descended from the Austronesian people of Champa , a former kingdom on the coast of central and southern present-day Vietnam and former rival to the Khmer Empire.

The Cham in Cambodia number under a million and often maintain separate villages in the southeast of the country.

Almost all Cham in Cambodia are Muslims. The Khmer language is a member of the Mon—Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group.

French , once the language of government in Indochina , is still spoken by many older Cambodians, and is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France.

There is also a French-language newspaper and some TV channels are available in French. Cambodia is a member of La Francophonie. However, since , there has been a growing use of English, which has been replacing French as the main foreign language.

English is widely taught in several universities and there is also a significant press in that language, while street signs are now bilingual in Khmer and English.

The Khmer script is derived from the South Indian Pallava script. Religion in Cambodia []. Theravada Buddhism is the official religion of Cambodia, practised by more than 95 percent of the population with an estimated 4, monastery temples throughout the country.

Key concepts in Cambodian Buddhism include reincarnation , and religious activities are focused on acquiring bonn Pali punna , merit , and erasing kamm Pali kamma , karma , which, for Khmers, means the negative results accrued from past actions.

Hinduism has left little trace beyond the magical practices of Tantricism and a host of Hindu gods now assimilated into the spirit world for example, the important neak ta spirit called Yeay Mao is the modern avatar of the Hindu goddess Kali.

Mahayana Buddhism is the religion of the majority of Chinese and Vietnamese in Cambodia. Elements of other religious practices, such as the veneration of folk heroes and ancestors, Confucianism , and Taoism mix with Chinese Buddhism are also practised.

Cambodian life expectancy was 72 years in , [] a major improvement since when the average life expectancy was In the same period, the under-five mortality rate decreased from to per 1, live births.

Cambodia was once one of the most landmined countries in the world. According to some estimates, unexploded land mines have been responsible for over 60, civilian deaths and thousands more maimed or injured since The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports is responsible for establishing national policies and guidelines for education in Cambodia.

The Cambodian education system is heavily decentralised, with three levels of government, central, provincial and district — responsible for its management.

The constitution of Cambodia promulgates free compulsory education for nine years, guaranteeing the universal right to basic quality education.

The Cambodian census estimated that The education system in Cambodia continues to face many challenges, but during the past years there have been significant improvements, especially in terms of primary net enrolment gains, the introduction of program based-budgeting, and the development of a policy framework which helps disadvantaged children to gain access to education.

The country has also significantly invested in vocational education , especially in rural areas, to tackle poverty and unemployment.

Traditionally, education in Cambodia was offered by the wats Buddhist temples , thus providing education exclusively for the male population. Education has also suffered setbacks from child labour , A study by Kim reports that most employed children in Cambodia are enrolled in school but their employment is associated with late school entry, negative impacts on their learning outcomes, and increased drop out rates.

With respects to academic performance among Cambodian primary school children, research showed that parental attitudes and beliefs played a significant role.

The study further found that "length of residence" of parents in the community in which they stay predicted better academic achievement among their children.

Overall, the study pointed out to the role of social capital in educational performance and access in the Cambodian society in which family attitudes and beliefs are central to the findings.

In , Cambodia had a murder rate of 6. Prostitution is illegal in Cambodia but yet appears to be prevalent. In a series of interviews of women about prostitution, three quarters of the interviewees found being a prostitute to be a norm and a profession they felt was not shameful having.

Various factors contribute to the Cambodian culture including Theravada Buddhism , Hinduism , French colonialism , Angkorian culture , and modern globalisation.

Cambodian culture not only includes the culture of the lowland ethnic majority, but also some 20 culturally distinct hill tribes colloquially known as the Khmer Loeu , a term coined by Norodom Sihanouk to encourage unity between the highlanders and lowlanders.

Rural Cambodians wear a krama scarf which is a unique aspect of Cambodian clothing. The sampeah is a traditional Cambodian greeting or a way of showing respect to others.

Khmer culture, as developed and spread by the Khmer empire , has distinctive styles of dance, architecture and sculpture, which have been exchanged with neighbouring Laos and Thailand throughout history.

Angkor Wat Angkor means "city" and Wat "temple" is the best preserved example of Khmer architecture from the Angkorian era along with hundreds of other temples that have been discovered in and around the region.

Traditionally, the Khmer people have a recorded information on Tra leaves. Tra leaf books record legends of the Khmer people, the Ramayana, the origin of Buddhism and other prayer books.

They are taken care of by wrapping in cloth to protect from moisture and the climate. Bon Om Tuuk Festival of Boat Racing , the annual boat rowing contest, is the most attended Cambodian national festival.

Popular games include soccer, kicking a sey, which is similar to a footbag , and chess. Based on the classical Indian solar calendar and Theravada Buddhism, the Cambodian New Year is a major holiday that takes place in April.

Recent artistic figures include singers Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Serey Sothea and later Meng Keo Pichenda , who introduced new musical styles to the country.

During the day festival, people offer prayers and food to the spirits of their dead relatives. For most of the Cambodians, it is a time to remember their relatives, who died during Khmer Rouge regime.

Rice is the staple grain, as in other Southeast Asian countries. Fish from the Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers is also an important part of the diet.

The cuisine of Cambodia contains tropical fruits, soups and noodles. Key ingredients are kaffir lime , lemon grass , garlic, fish sauce , soy sauce , curry , tamarind , ginger , oyster sauce , coconut milk and black pepper.

The country also boasts various distinct local street foods, such as fried spiders. French influence on Cambodian cuisine includes the Cambodian red curry with toasted baguette bread.

The toasted baguette pieces are dipped in the curry and eaten. Cambodian red curry is also eaten with rice and rice vermicelli noodles.

Probably the most popular dine out dish, kuy teav , is a pork broth rice noodle soup with fried garlic, scallions , green onions that may also contain various toppings such as beef balls , shrimp , pork liver or lettuce.

Kampot pepper is reputed to be the best in the world and accompanies crab at the Kep crab shacks and squid in the restaurants on the Ou Trojak Jet river.

Cambodians drink plenty of tea, grown in Mondulkiri Province and around Kirirom. Lemon tea tai kdao kroich chhmaa , made with Chinese red-dust tea and lemon juice, is refreshing both hot and iced, and is generally served with a hefty dose of sugar.

Regarding coffee, the beans are generally imported from Laos and Vietnam — although domestically produced coffee from Ratanakiri Province and Mondulkiri Province can be found in some places.

Beans are traditionally roasted with butter and sugar, plus various other ingredients that might include anything from rum to pork fat, giving the beverage a strange, sometimes faintly chocolatey aroma.

Cambodia has several industrial breweries, located mainly in Sihanoukville Province and Phnom Penh. There are also a growing number of microbreweries in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

Rice wine is a popular alcoholic drink. Its quality varies widely and it is often infused with fruits or medicinal herbs. Football soccer is one of the most popular sports, although professional organised sports are not as prevalent in Cambodia as in western countries because of the economic conditions.

Soccer was brought to Cambodia by the French and became popular with the locals. Western sports such as basketball, volleyball, bodybuilding, field hockey, rugby union, golf, and baseball are gaining popularity.

Volleyball is by far the most popular sport in the country. Native sports include traditional boat racing , buffalo racing, Pradal Serey , Khmer traditional wrestling and Bokator.

Cambodia first participated in the Olympics during the Summer Olympic Games sending equestrian riders. Cambodian dance can be divided into three main categories: Khmer classical dance , folk dance, and social dances.

The exact origins of Khmer classical dance are disputed. Most native Khmer scholars trace modern dance forms back to the time of Angkor , seeing similarities in the temple engravings of the period, while others hold that modern Khmer dance styles were learned or re-learned from Siamese court dancers in the s.

Khmer classical dance is the form of stylised performance art established in the royal courts of Cambodia exhibited for both entertainment and ceremonial purposes.

Cambodian folk dance, often performed to mahori music, celebrates the various cultural and ethnic groups of Cambodia.

Folk dances originated in the villages and are performed, for the most part, by the villagers for the villagers.

Typically faster-paced than classical dance, folk dances display themes of the "common person" such as love, comedy or warding off evil spirits.

Social dances are those performed by guests at banquets, parties or other informal social gatherings. Khmer traditional social dances are analogous to those of other Southeast Asian nations.

Modern western popular dances including Cha-cha , Bolero , and the Madison , have also influenced Cambodian social dance.

Traditional Cambodian music dates back as far as the Khmer Empire. More rural forms of music include Chapei and A Yai.

The former is popular among the older generation and is most often a solo performance of a man plucking a Cambodian guitar chapei in between a cappella verses.

The lyrics usually have moral or religious theme. A Yai can be performed solo or by a man and woman and is often comedic in nature.

It is a form of lyrical poetry, often full of double entendres, that can be either scripted or completely impromptu and ad-libbed.

Cambodian popular music is performed with western style instruments or a mixture of traditional and western instruments. Dance music is composed in particular styles for social dances.

The music of crooner Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Sereysothea from the s to the s is considered to be the classic pop music of Cambodia. During the Khmer Rouge Revolution , many classic and popular singers of the s and s were murdered, starved to death, or overwork to death by the Khmer Rouge.

In the s, Keo Surath, a refugee resettled in the United States and others carried on the legacy of the classic singers, often remaking their popular songs.

The s and s also saw the rise in popularity of kantrum , a music style of the Khmer Surin set to modern instrumentation. The Dengue Fever rock and roll band features a Cambodian female singer and back-up band from California.

It is classified as " world music " and combines Cambodian music with Western style rock. A National Committee for Science and Technology representing 11 ministries has been in place since This move represented a first step towards a national approach to research and development across the university sector and the application of research for the purposes of national development.

It was officially launched by the Ministry of Planning in December , as the culmination of a two-year process supported by the Korea International Cooperation Agency.

The plan makes provision for establishing a science and technology foundation to promote industrial innovation, with a particular focus on agriculture, primary industry and ICTs.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the post-independence era, see Kingdom of Cambodia — For the song, see Cambodia song.

Southeast Asian sovereign state. Early history of Cambodia. Kingdom of Funan , Chenla , and Khmer Empire. Faces of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara at Prasat Bayon.

Dark ages of Cambodia. Coronation of Norodom Sihanouk in Kingdom of Cambodia — Tens of thousands of people were killed during the US bombing of Cambodia between and Democratic Kampuchea and Khmer Rouge.

Politics of Cambodia , List of political parties in Cambodia , and —14 Cambodian protests. Prime Minister Hun Sen. Foreign relations of Cambodia.

Royal Cambodian Armed Forces. Human rights in Cambodia. Administrative divisions of Cambodia. Ethnic groups in Cambodia.

List of cities in Cambodia. Largest cities or towns in Cambodia Cambodian census []. Clockwise from top left: Samlar kari , Prahok ktis , Kampot pepper crab and Samlar kako.

The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Apsara dancers at Angkor Wat. Science and technology in Cambodia.

Cambodia portal Asia portal. Retrieved 29 August United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 16 March Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 6 April Human Progress in a Diverse World " ".

Retrieved 2 March National News Bureau of Thailand. Archived from the original on 28 March Political Transition in Cambodia — Power, Elitism and Democracy.

The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 20 June Retrieved 7 February In every factor measured, Cambodia scored the worst in the East Asia and Pacific region, where other ranked nations include Myanmar, Vietnam and Mongolia Salve Regina University, Faculty and Staff: Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 31 October Thai-Yunnan Project Newsletter No.

Retrieved 18 August The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 17 November The civilization of Angkor.

Memot Centre for Archaeology. Retrieved 6 February Retrieved 15 November The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia. Bioarchaeological evidence for conflict in Iron Age northwest Cambodia.

Communist Party of Kampuchea , Khmer Rouge , Party of Democratic Kampuchea , KR - a communist organization formed in Cambodia in ; became a terrorist organization in when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until ASEAN , Association of Southeast Asian Nations - an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism.

Indochina , Indochinese peninsula - a peninsula of southeastern Asia that includes Myanmar and Cambodia and Laos and Malaysia and Thailand and Vietnam.

Cambodian , Kampuchean - a native or inhabitant of Cambodia. References in classic literature? Do you know, sir," said he, "the town of Cambodia lies about fifteen leagues up the river; and there are two large English ships about five leagues on this side, and three Dutch?

Hor Nambora, Ambassador of Cambodia to Indonesia: Three new airlines set to launch this year in Cambodia. Vietnam PM visit to Cambodia to give push for border settlement.

Cambodia is at peace after decades of conflict, although important challenges remain. Transnational criminal organizations from Asia and Africa continued to target Cambodia as a transit country or final destination for illicit drugs.

An official statement after the event said the MoU will entail Australia to use its experience in assisting Cambodia to strengthen the settlement support to refugees directed to Cambodia.

PAL shelves joint venture with Cambodia Airlines. In , King Norodom , who had been installed by Thailand , [9] sought the protection of Thailand from French rule.

In , the Thai king signed a treaty with France, renouncing suzerainty over Cambodia in exchange for the control of Battambang and Siem Reap provinces which officially became part of Thailand.

The provinces were ceded back to Cambodia by a border treaty between France and Thailand in Cambodia continued as a protectorate of France from to , administered as part of the colony of French Indochina , though occupied by the Japanese empire from to Instead, Norodom Sihanouk , a maternal grandson of King Sisowath was enthroned.

The French thought young Sihanouk would be easy to control. Cambodia became a constitutional monarchy under King Norodom Sihanouk. When French Indochina was given independence, Cambodia lost hope of regaining control over the Mekong Delta as it was awarded to Vietnam.

Formerly part of the Khmer Empire, the area had been controlled by the Vietnamese since , with King Chey Chettha II granting the Vietnamese permission to settle in the area decades before.

In , Sihanouk abdicated in favour of his father to participate in politics and was elected prime minister. Sihanouk allowed the Vietnamese communists to use Cambodia as a sanctuary and a supply route for their arms and other aid to their armed forces fighting in South Vietnam.

This policy was perceived as humiliating by many Cambodians. In December Washington Post journalist Stanley Karnow was told by Sihanouk that if the US wanted to bomb the Vietnamese communist sanctuaries, he would not object, unless Cambodians were killed.

On 28 March a press conference was held and Sihanouk appealed to the international media: US support for the coup remains unproven. The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces, desperate to retain their sanctuaries and supply lines from North Vietnam, immediately launched armed attacks on the new government.

The king urged his followers to help in overthrowing this government, hastening the onset of civil war. Soon Khmer Rouge rebels began using him to gain support.

However, from until early , the Cambodian conflict was largely one between the government and army of Cambodia, and the armed forces of North Vietnam.

As they gained control of Cambodian territory, the Vietnamese communists imposed a new political infrastructure, which was eventually dominated by the Cambodian communists now referred to as the Khmer Rouge.

Lon Nol remained in power in part because neither of the others was prepared to take his place. In , a constitution was adopted, a parliament elected, and Lon Nol became president.

But disunity, the problems of transforming a 30,man army into a national combat force of more than , men, and spreading corruption weakened the civilian administration and army.

The Communist insurgency inside Cambodia continued to grow, aided by supplies and military support from North Vietnam. Pol Pot and Ieng Sary asserted their dominance over the Vietnamese-trained communists, many of whom were purged.

At the same time, the CPK forces became stronger and more independent of their Vietnamese patrons. The government made three unsuccessful attempts to enter into negotiations with the insurgents, but by , the CPK were operating openly as divisions, and some of the NVA combat forces had moved into South Vietnam.

More than 2 million refugees from the war lived in Phnom Penh and other cities. Simultaneous attacks around the perimeter of Phnom Penh pinned down Republican forces, while other CPK units overran fire bases controlling the vital lower Mekong resupply route.

A US-funded airlift of ammunition and rice ended when Congress refused additional aid for Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge reached Phnom Penh and took power in Led by Pol Pot , they changed the official name of the country to Democratic Kampuchea.

The new regime modelled itself on Maoist China during the Great Leap Forward , immediately evacuated the cities, and sent the entire population on forced marches to rural work projects.

Estimates as to how many people were killed by the Khmer Rouge regime range from approximately one to three million; the most commonly cited figure is two million about a quarter of the population.

Hundreds of thousands fled across the border into neighbouring Thailand. The regime disproportionately targeted ethnic minority groups.

The Cham Muslims suffered serious purges with as much as half of their population exterminated. Forced repatriation in and deaths during the Khmer Rouge era reduced the Vietnamese population in Cambodia from between , and , in to a reported 56, in Professionals, such as doctors, lawyers and teachers, were also targeted.

According to Robert D. Kaplan , "eyeglasses were as deadly as the yellow star " as they were seen as a sign of intellectualism. Religious institutions were not spared by the Khmer Rouge either.

Its arms came from Vietnam and the Soviet Union. In opposition to the newly created state, a government-in-exile referred to as the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea CGDK was formed in from three factions.

Its credentials were recognised by the United Nations. The Khmer Rouge representative to the UN, Thiounn Prasith, was retained, but he had to work in consultation with representatives of the noncommunist Cambodian parties.

Peace efforts began in Paris in under the State of Cambodia , culminating two years later in October in a Paris Comprehensive Peace Settlement.

In July , Kang Kek Iew was the first Khmer Rouge member found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity in his role as the former commandant of the S21 extermination camp and he was sentenced to life in prison.

The trial began in November It borders Thailand to the north and west, Laos to the northeast, and Vietnam to the east and southeast.

It has a kilometre mile coastline along the Gulf of Thailand. Extending outward from this central region are transitional plains, thinly forested and rising to elevations of about feet metres above sea level.

East of the Mekong the transitional plains gradually merge with the eastern highlands, a region of forested mountains and high plateaus that extend into Laos and Vietnam.

The most distinctive geographical feature is the inundations of the Tonle Sap, measuring about 2, square kilometres 1, square miles during the dry season and expanding to about 24, square kilometres 9, square miles during the rainy season.

This densely populated plain, which is devoted to wet rice cultivation, is the heartland of Cambodia. Southwest monsoons blow inland bringing moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of Thailand and Indian Ocean from May to October.

The northeast monsoon ushers in the dry season, which lasts from November to April. The country experiences the heaviest precipitation from September to October with the driest period occurring from January to February.

Shortages of clean water, extreme flooding, mudslides, higher sea levels and potentially destructive storms are of particular concern, according to the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance.

Cambodia has two distinct seasons. Disastrous flooding occurred in and again in , with some degree of flooding almost every year. There are mammal species, bird species, reptile species, freshwater fish species Tonle Sap Lake area , and marine fish species recorded by science.

Much of this biodiversity is contained around the Tonle Sap Lake and the surrounding biosphere. It encompasses the lake and nine provinces: Cambodia has a bad but improving performance in the global Environmental Performance Index EPI with an overall ranking of out of countries in This is among the worst in the Southeast Asian region, only ahead of Laos and Myanmar.

The environmental areas where Cambodia performs worst i. Cambodia performs best when it comes to handling the nitrogen balance in the agricultural industry specifically, an area where Cambodia excels and are among the best in the world.

This secures Cambodia a better than average ranking of 61 in relation to biodiversity and habitat, even though illegal logging, construction and poaching are heavily deteriorating these protections and habitats in reality.

The rate of deforestation in Cambodia is one of the highest in the world and it is often perceived as the most destructive, singular environmental issue in the country.

The environmental degradation also includes national parks and wildlife sanctuaries on a large scale and many endangered and endemic species are now threatened with extinction due to loss of habitats.

There are many reasons for the deforestation in Cambodia, which range from opportunistic illegal loggings to large scale clearings from big construction projects and agricultural activities.

The global issue of land grabbing is particularly rampant in Cambodia. The deforestation involves the local population, Cambodian businesses and authorities as well as transnational corporations from all over the world.

Plans for hydroelectric development in the Greater Mekong Subregion , by Laos in particular, pose a "real danger to the food supply of Vietnam and Cambodia.

The lake is unusual: It all but disappears in the dry season and then expands massively as water flow from the Mekong backs up when the rains come.

In the s, the Cambodian government and educational system has increased its involvement and co-operation with both national and international environmental groups.

In November , the U. The government is a constitutional monarchy operated as a parliamentary representative democracy. The Prime Minister of Cambodia , an office held by Hun Sen since , is the head of government , while the King of Cambodia currently Norodom Sihamoni is the head of state.

The prime minister is appointed by the king, on the advice and with the approval of the National Assembly. The prime minister and the ministerial appointees exercise executive power.

Members of the seat Assembly are elected through a system of proportional representation and serve for a maximum term of five years.

The Senate has 61 seats, two of which are appointed by the king and two others by the National Assembly, and the rest elected by the commune councillors from 24 provinces of Cambodia.

Senators serve six-year terms. On 14 October , King Norodom Sihamoni was selected by a special nine-member Royal Throne Council , part of a selection process that was quickly put in place after the abdication of King Norodom Sihanouk a week prior.

He was enthroned in Phnom Penh on 29 October The open doors to new investment during his reign have yielded the most access to a coterie of cronies of his and his wife, Bun Rany.

Prime Minister Hun Sen has vowed to rule until he is His government is regularly accused of ignoring human rights and suppressing political dissent.

Demonstrators were injured and killed in Phnom Penh where a reported 20, protesters gathered, with some clashing with riot police.

Since , the CPP commands all but four seats in Parliament , including all seats in the National Assembly and 58 of 62 seats in the Senate.

Hun Sen and his government have seen much controversy. Hun Sen was a former Khmer Rouge commander who was originally installed by the Vietnamese and, after the Vietnamese left the country, maintains his strong man position by violence and oppression when deemed necessary.

Ranariddh was ousted and fled to Paris while other opponents of Hun Sen were arrested, tortured, and some summarily executed.

Journalists covering a protest over disputed election results in Phnom Penh on 22 September say they were deliberately attacked by police and men in plain clothes, with slingshots and stun guns.

The violence came amid political tensions as the opposition boycotted the opening of Parliament due to concerns about electoral fraud.

Seven reporters sustained minor injuries while at least two Cambodian protesters were hit by slingshot projectiles and hospitalized.

The level of corruption in Cambodia exceeds most countries in the world. Corruption affects the judiciary, the police and other state institutions.

Favouritism by government officials and impunity is commonplace. Lack of a clear distinction between the courts and the executive branch of government also makes for a deep politicisation of the judicial system.

Examples of areas where Cambodians encounter corrupt practices in their everyday lives include obtaining medical services, dealing with alleged traffic violations, and pursuing fair court verdicts.

Companies deal with extensive red tape when obtaining licenses and permits, especially construction related permits, and the demand for and supply of bribes are commonplace in this process.

The Anti-Corruption Law provided no protection to whistle-blowers, and whistle-blowers can be jailed for up to 6 months if they report corruption that cannot be proven.

Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports twenty embassies in the country [] including many of its Asian neighbours and those of important players during the Paris peace negotiations, including the US, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union EU , Japan, and Russia.

While the violent ruptures of the s and s have passed, several border disputes between Cambodia and its neighbours persist.

There are disagreements over some offshore islands and sections of the boundary with Vietnam and undefined maritime boundaries. Cambodia and Thailand also have border disputes, with troops clashing over land immediately adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple in particular, leading to a deterioration in relations.

Most of the territory belongs to Cambodia, but a combination of Thailand disrespecting international law, Thai troop upbuild in the area and lack of resources for the Cambodian military have left the situation unsettled since Cambodia and China have cultivated ties in the s.

The introduction of a revised command structure early in was a key prelude to the reorganisation of the Cambodian military. This saw the defence ministry form three subordinate general departments responsible for logistics and finance, materials and technical services, and defence services under the High Command Headquarters HCHQ.

Banh has served as defence minister since In , the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces comprised about , active personnel , reserve. The Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia total more than 7, personnel.

Its civil duties include providing security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organised crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.

The Cambodian legal profession was established in By , due to the Khmer Rouge regime, the entire legal system was eradicated.

Judges and lawyers were executed after being deemed "class enemies" and only 6—12 legal professionals actually survived and remained in the country.

Forced land evictions by senior officials, security forces, and government-connected business leaders are commonplace in Cambodia.

Land has been confiscated from hundreds of thousands of Cambodians over more than a decade for the purpose of self-enrichment and maintaining power of various groups of special interests.

Credible non-governmental organisations estimate that ", people have been adversely affected by land grabbing covering at least four million hectares nearly 10 million acres of land that have been confiscated", says Paris-based International Federation for Human Rights FIDH.

The autonomous municipality reach thani and provinces khaet of Cambodia are first-level administrative divisions. Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces including the autonomous municipality.

Municipalities and districts are the second-level administrative divisions of Cambodia. The provinces are subdivided into districts and 26 municipalities.

The districts and municipalities in turn are further divided into communes khum and quarters sangkat. Cambodia graduated from the status of a Least Developed Country to a Lower Middle Income country in the same year Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors.

Based on the Economist, IMF: Annual average GDP growth for the period — was 7. In , inflation was at 1. Cambodia Poverty Assessment ", the World Bank concludes: Moreover, household consumption increased by nearly 40 percent.

As a result, the poverty rate dropped from However, the majority of these people escaped poverty only slightly: The success story means the Southeast Asian nation that overcame a vicious civil war now is classified as a lower-middle income economy by the World Bank Group WBG.

Among 69 countries that have comparable data, Cambodia ranked fourth in terms of the fastest poverty reduction in the world from — The poverty rate fell to 10 percent in , and further reduction of poverty is expected for both urban and rural households throughout — However, human development, particularly in the areas of health and education, remains an important challenge and development priority for Cambodia" [].

Between and the number of regulated banks and micro-finance institutions increased from 31 covered entities to over 70 individual institutions underlining the growth within the Cambodian banking and finance sector.

One of the largest challenges facing Cambodia is still the fact that the older population often lacks education, particularly in the countryside, which suffers from a lack of basic infrastructure.

Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid, although there has been significant aid from bilateral and multilateral donors.

Cambodia ranked among the worst places in the world for organised labour in the International Trade Union Confederation ITUC Global Rights Index, landing in the category of countries with "no guarantee of rights".

Those who criticize [the law] should do businesses, and [then] they will understand. The programme engages with workers, employers and governments to improve working conditions and boost competitiveness of the garment industry.

The members of the PAC concurred with the findings of the evaluation related to the impact the programme has had on the Cambodian garment sector and workers, including: Other tourist destinations include Sihanoukville in the south west which has several popular beaches and the sleepy riverside town of Battambang in the north west, both of which are a popular stop for backpackers who make up a large of portion of visitors to Cambodia.

Tourism has increased steadily each year in the relatively stable period since the UNTAC elections; in there were , international tourists, and in there were 2,, international tourists.

Most of the tourists were Japanese, Chinese, Filipinos, Americans, South Koreans and French, said the report, adding that the industry earned some 1.

Chinese-language newspaper Jianhua Daily quoted industry officials as saying that Cambodia will have three million foreign tourist arrivals in and five million in The Angkor Wat historical park in Siem Reap province, the beaches in Sihanoukville and the capital city Phnom Penh are the main attractions for foreign tourists.

Obviously, the quantity of souvenirs that are produced is not sufficient to face the increasing number of tourists and a majority of products sold to the tourists on the markets are imported from China, Thailand and Vietnam.

Agriculture is the traditional mainstay of the Cambodian economy. Agriculture accounted for 90 percent of GDP in and employed approximately 80 percent of the work force.

Rice is the principal commodity. Major secondary crops include maize , cassava , sweet potatoes , groundnuts , soybeans , sesame seeds , dry beans, and rubber.

The principal commercial crop is rubber. With assistance from other countries Cambodia has been upgrading the main highways to international standards and most are vastly improved from Most main roads are now paved.

Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about kilometres miles of single, one-metre 3-footinch gauge track. Trains are again running to and from the Cambodian capital and popular destinations in the south.

In , the number of road fatalities per 10, vehicles was ten times higher in Cambodia than in the developed world, and the number of road deaths had doubled in the preceding three years.

The Mekong and the Tonle Sap River, their numerous tributaries, and the Tonle Sap provided avenues of considerable length, including 3, kilometres 2, miles navigable all year by craft drawing 0.

Cambodia has two major ports, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville, and five minor ones. Phnom Penh, located at the junction of the Bassac , the Mekong, and the Tonle Sap rivers, is the only river port capable of receiving 8, ton ships during the wet season and 5,ton ships during the dry season.

With increasing economic activity has come an increase in automobile use, though motorcycles still predominate.

Cyclos are unique to Cambodia in that the cyclist is situated behind the passenger s seat, [] as opposed to Cycle rickshaws in neighbouring countries where the cyclist is at the front and "pulls" the carriage.

Cambodia has three commercial airports. Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the largest and serves the most international flights in and out of Cambodia.

The other airport is in Sihanoukville. As of [update] , Cambodia has an estimated population of 15,, people. Its population growth rate is 1.

Fifty percent of the Cambodian population is younger than 22 years old. The total fertility rate in Cambodia was 3. Its minority groups include Chams 1.

The Khmers historically have lived near the lower Mekong River in a contiguous diagonal arc, from where modern-day Thailand, Laos and Cambodia meet in the northwest, all the way to the mouth of the Mekong River in southeastern Vietnam.

The Vietnamese are the second largest ethnic minority in Cambodia, with an estimated 16, living in provinces concentrated in the southeast of the country adjacent to the Mekong Delta.

Although the Vietnamese language has been determined to be a Mon—Khmer language, there are very few cultural connections between the two peoples because the early Khmers were influenced by the Indian cultural sphere while the Vietnamese are part of the Chinese cultural sphere.

Ethnic tensions between the Khmer and the Vietnamese can be traced to the Dark Ages of Cambodia from the 16th to 19th centuries , during which time a nascent Vietnam and Thailand each attempted to vassalise a weakened post-Angkor Cambodia, and effectively dominate all of Indochina.

Chinese Cambodians are approximately 0. Most are urban dwellers, engaged primarily in commerce. The indigenous ethnic groups of the mountains are known collectively as Montagnards or Khmer Loeu , a term meaning "Highland Khmer".

They are descended from neolithic migrations of Mon—Khmer speakers via southern China and Austronesian speakers from insular Southeast Asia.

Being isolated in the highlands, the various Khmer Loeu groups were not Indianized like their Khmer cousins and consequently are culturally distant from modern Khmers and often from each other, observing many pre-Indian-contact customs and beliefs.

The Cham are descended from the Austronesian people of Champa , a former kingdom on the coast of central and southern present-day Vietnam and former rival to the Khmer Empire.

The Cham in Cambodia number under a million and often maintain separate villages in the southeast of the country.

Almost all Cham in Cambodia are Muslims. The Khmer language is a member of the Mon—Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group.

French , once the language of government in Indochina , is still spoken by many older Cambodians, and is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France.

There is also a French-language newspaper and some TV channels are available in French. Cambodia is a member of La Francophonie.

However, since , there has been a growing use of English, which has been replacing French as the main foreign language.

English is widely taught in several universities and there is also a significant press in that language, while street signs are now bilingual in Khmer and English.

The Khmer script is derived from the South Indian Pallava script. Religion in Cambodia []. Theravada Buddhism is the official religion of Cambodia, practised by more than 95 percent of the population with an estimated 4, monastery temples throughout the country.

Key concepts in Cambodian Buddhism include reincarnation , and religious activities are focused on acquiring bonn Pali punna , merit , and erasing kamm Pali kamma , karma , which, for Khmers, means the negative results accrued from past actions.

Hinduism has left little trace beyond the magical practices of Tantricism and a host of Hindu gods now assimilated into the spirit world for example, the important neak ta spirit called Yeay Mao is the modern avatar of the Hindu goddess Kali.

Mahayana Buddhism is the religion of the majority of Chinese and Vietnamese in Cambodia. Elements of other religious practices, such as the veneration of folk heroes and ancestors, Confucianism , and Taoism mix with Chinese Buddhism are also practised.

Cambodian life expectancy was 72 years in , [] a major improvement since when the average life expectancy was In the same period, the under-five mortality rate decreased from to per 1, live births.

Cambodia was once one of the most landmined countries in the world. According to some estimates, unexploded land mines have been responsible for over 60, civilian deaths and thousands more maimed or injured since The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports is responsible for establishing national policies and guidelines for education in Cambodia.

The Cambodian education system is heavily decentralised, with three levels of government, central, provincial and district — responsible for its management.

The constitution of Cambodia promulgates free compulsory education for nine years, guaranteeing the universal right to basic quality education.

The Cambodian census estimated that The education system in Cambodia continues to face many challenges, but during the past years there have been significant improvements, especially in terms of primary net enrolment gains, the introduction of program based-budgeting, and the development of a policy framework which helps disadvantaged children to gain access to education.

The country has also significantly invested in vocational education , especially in rural areas, to tackle poverty and unemployment. Traditionally, education in Cambodia was offered by the wats Buddhist temples , thus providing education exclusively for the male population.

Education has also suffered setbacks from child labour , A study by Kim reports that most employed children in Cambodia are enrolled in school but their employment is associated with late school entry, negative impacts on their learning outcomes, and increased drop out rates.

With respects to academic performance among Cambodian primary school children, research showed that parental attitudes and beliefs played a significant role.

The study further found that "length of residence" of parents in the community in which they stay predicted better academic achievement among their children.

Overall, the study pointed out to the role of social capital in educational performance and access in the Cambodian society in which family attitudes and beliefs are central to the findings.

In , Cambodia had a murder rate of 6. Prostitution is illegal in Cambodia but yet appears to be prevalent. In a series of interviews of women about prostitution, three quarters of the interviewees found being a prostitute to be a norm and a profession they felt was not shameful having.

Various factors contribute to the Cambodian culture including Theravada Buddhism , Hinduism , French colonialism , Angkorian culture , and modern globalisation.

Cambodian culture not only includes the culture of the lowland ethnic majority, but also some 20 culturally distinct hill tribes colloquially known as the Khmer Loeu , a term coined by Norodom Sihanouk to encourage unity between the highlanders and lowlanders.

Rural Cambodians wear a krama scarf which is a unique aspect of Cambodian clothing. The sampeah is a traditional Cambodian greeting or a way of showing respect to others.

Khmer culture, as developed and spread by the Khmer empire , has distinctive styles of dance, architecture and sculpture, which have been exchanged with neighbouring Laos and Thailand throughout history.

Angkor Wat Angkor means "city" and Wat "temple" is the best preserved example of Khmer architecture from the Angkorian era along with hundreds of other temples that have been discovered in and around the region.

Traditionally, the Khmer people have a recorded information on Tra leaves. Tra leaf books record legends of the Khmer people, the Ramayana, the origin of Buddhism and other prayer books.

They are taken care of by wrapping in cloth to protect from moisture and the climate. Bon Om Tuuk Festival of Boat Racing , the annual boat rowing contest, is the most attended Cambodian national festival.

Popular games include soccer, kicking a sey, which is similar to a footbag , and chess. Based on the classical Indian solar calendar and Theravada Buddhism, the Cambodian New Year is a major holiday that takes place in April.

Recent artistic figures include singers Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Serey Sothea and later Meng Keo Pichenda , who introduced new musical styles to the country.

During the day festival, people offer prayers and food to the spirits of their dead relatives. For most of the Cambodians, it is a time to remember their relatives, who died during Khmer Rouge regime.

Rice is the staple grain, as in other Southeast Asian countries. Fish from the Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers is also an important part of the diet.

The cuisine of Cambodia contains tropical fruits, soups and noodles. Key ingredients are kaffir lime , lemon grass , garlic, fish sauce , soy sauce , curry , tamarind , ginger , oyster sauce , coconut milk and black pepper.

The country also boasts various distinct local street foods, such as fried spiders. French influence on Cambodian cuisine includes the Cambodian red curry with toasted baguette bread.

The toasted baguette pieces are dipped in the curry and eaten. Cambodian red curry is also eaten with rice and rice vermicelli noodles. Probably the most popular dine out dish, kuy teav , is a pork broth rice noodle soup with fried garlic, scallions , green onions that may also contain various toppings such as beef balls , shrimp , pork liver or lettuce.

Kampot pepper is reputed to be the best in the world and accompanies crab at the Kep crab shacks and squid in the restaurants on the Ou Trojak Jet river.

Cambodians drink plenty of tea, grown in Mondulkiri Province and around Kirirom. Lemon tea tai kdao kroich chhmaa , made with Chinese red-dust tea and lemon juice, is refreshing both hot and iced, and is generally served with a hefty dose of sugar.

Regarding coffee, the beans are generally imported from Laos and Vietnam — although domestically produced coffee from Ratanakiri Province and Mondulkiri Province can be found in some places.

Beans are traditionally roasted with butter and sugar, plus various other ingredients that might include anything from rum to pork fat, giving the beverage a strange, sometimes faintly chocolatey aroma.

Cambodia has several industrial breweries, located mainly in Sihanoukville Province and Phnom Penh. There are also a growing number of microbreweries in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

Rice wine is a popular alcoholic drink. Its quality varies widely and it is often infused with fruits or medicinal herbs.

Football soccer is one of the most popular sports, although professional organised sports are not as prevalent in Cambodia as in western countries because of the economic conditions.

Soccer was brought to Cambodia by the French and became popular with the locals. Western sports such as basketball, volleyball, bodybuilding, field hockey, rugby union, golf, and baseball are gaining popularity.

Volleyball is by far the most popular sport in the country. Native sports include traditional boat racing , buffalo racing, Pradal Serey , Khmer traditional wrestling and Bokator.

Cambodia first participated in the Olympics during the Summer Olympic Games sending equestrian riders. Cambodian dance can be divided into three main categories: Khmer classical dance , folk dance, and social dances.

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